Widely known as CBD, cannabidiol is just one of more than a hundred cannabinoids found in hemp. Cannabidiol is typically the second most abundant cannabinoid after tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly referred to as THC. However, in using CBD there is no “stoned” feeling while taking it like you would experience with THC. Additionally, CBD is non-addictive, non-psychoactive, and the health risks are lower than the majority of the medications on the market. All industrial hemp grown in the United States for the purpose of extracting CBD contains less than the federally mandated 0.3% THC and only trace amounts of THC are found in most hemp based CBD products.
Hemp contains hundreds of different chemical compounds, including cannabinoids and terpenes which all interact with the mind and body to various degrees. While two cannabinoids—psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD)—have received the most attention among researchers and consumers, more than 100 other cannabinoids have been identified so far. Terpenes are found in many other plants including spices, herbs, trees and fruits, and are what give cannabis strains their distinctive smells and flavors. Each cannabinoid and terpene has a specific biochemical effect on the body. The phrase “entourage effect” was first used in the cannabis context in 1998 by a group of scientists that included “the father of cannabis research,” renowned Israeli biochemist Dr. Raphael Mechoulam. More recently, the phrase has been popularized by Dr. Ethan Russo, who has investigated the interactions between cannabinoids and terpenes, looking for synergies to treat pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer and bacterial infections. Russo had reported previously in 2008 that there is good evidence to show that secondary compounds in cannabis may enhance its beneficial effects. From that, many people have concluded that all of the synergistic effects are beneficial.
Full spectrum oil from hemp contains terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, THCV and even trace amounts of THC (no more than 0.3% per federal regulation). Sometimes full spectrum CBD is referred to as whole plant CBD. Full spectrum CBD offers a wider array of health benefits because of the terpene and cannabinoid profile that accompany it. CBD by itself has many different reported ways that it can help the human body. With full spectrum CBD you get essential vitamins, fatty acids, minerals, chlorophyll, protein, terpenes, and fiber.